India likely has one of the most diverse food cultures with regional variations ranging from spices to trends in meat consumption or a plant-based diet. People are now researching different eating habits in order to lead healthy lives. Veganism is growing in popularity as many studies and reports suggest that a plant-based diet has certain health benefits and is climate friendly.
A recent study by the University of Barcelona (UB) and the CIBER on Frailty and Healthy Aging (CIBERFES) has affirmed how a plant-based diet can reduce the risk of cognitive impairment and dementia in people as they age bracket. “A higher intake of fruits, vegetables and plant-based foods provides polyphenols and other bioactive compounds that could help reduce the risk of age-related cognitive decline,” said Cristina Andres-Lacueva, lead author of the study.
Over a 12-year period, more than 800 people over 65 took part in the study, which was published in the journal Molecular Nutrition and Food Research. Alzheimer’s, a common condition among the elderly, could be avoided through healthy lifestyle and diet changes, the study said, adding that other types of dementia could also be avoided.
According to Mireia UrpÃ-SardÃ of the Department of Nutrition, Food Science and Gastronomy and CIBERFES, the results of the study showed an important link between cognitive impairment in the elderly and polyphenol-rich foods such as apples, cocoa, green tea, blueberries, oranges and pomegranates.
In addition to vegetables and fruit, a plant-based diet also includes nuts, legumes, seeds and oils.
According to MercÃ¨ PallÃ s, professor in the Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Science and member of the UB’s Institute of Neuroscience (UBNeuro), studying the relationship between cognitive impairments and foods rich in polyphenols is essential in order to develop preventive and therapeutic strategies that will help care for them to take care of cognitive health.
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