One of the most important forms of housing for older adults is apartments and other forms of organized housing for people over a certain age – for example, shared apartments are a popular choice for those aged 55 and over. These housing options can include services and amenities beyond what a typical apartment complex would offer. These amenities include dry cleaning and laundry services, a hair salon and hairdresser, an indoor heated pool and spa, exercise facility and a walking trail. This type of facility provides support and a sense of community for people who wish to live with their peers but still enjoy their independence.
Assisted living, another common type of housing for older adults, is a residential facility that provides some level of day-to-day home support for adults who are struggling to support themselves or whose health or functioning status is declining but who otherwise maintain their independence can preserve.
“Assisted living facilities require that residents continue to engage in activities of daily living (ADLs),” said Wessam Labib, MD, chief and medical director of the Department of Geriatric Medicine at Loma Linda University Health in Loma Linda, California. ADLs include hygiene (bathing, showering, and brushing teeth), dressing, eating, moving safely from one place to another (e.g., from a bed to a chair), using the toilet, and maintaining continence.
In an assisted living facility, residents usually live in their own apartments or rooms and share common areas with other residents. They typically have access to up to three meals a day and assistance with medication, personal hygiene, housework and laundry. An assisted living facility will often also provide 24/7 care and transportation, but requires residents to be able to do almost everything else themselves, such as taking care of themselves. B. Taking their medication correctly.
“Assisted living facilities are not suitable for residents with memory problems, such as dementia or Alzheimer’s disease, unless their healthcare provider says it’s safe for them to live in assisted living because the disease is in its early stages.” says Dr. Labib.
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Other housing options for seniors may include boarding and nursing homes – living quarters that serve as small group homes for typically no more than 20 residents who can share a room. Residents receive personal attention and meals and have access to 24-hour staff support, but nursing and other medical care are not typically available on-site. Depending on where you live, these homes are also known as adult care homes.
For people with memory problems or complex health needs, or for people who cannot safely perform ADL either independently or with some assistance, nursing homes provide 24-hour hands-on care from licensed registered nurses, as well as 24-hour supervision, three meals a day, and Assistance with daily activities.
When a facility offers independent living, assisted living, and nursing home options, it is known as a senior community with ongoing care. Because these facilities offer assisted living and skilled nursing in one location, residents can progress to a higher level of care as needed without leaving campus.